IoT open standards for interoperability

5 Key IoT Open Standards That Presently Enable Interoperability of Things

The IoT (Internet of Things) is continuously advancing to be aptly referred as the next industrial revolution – without blood, sweat, and tears. It is also laying the groundwork for the future generation of entrepreneurs to come up with interoperable novel IoT products that have a bearing on our daily lives.

Due to this reason, the growth rate of the Internet of Things (IoT) along with its connected devices is showing no signs of slowing down – and that’s a fantastic thing.

Around 1.4 billion units of smart home devices will be sold by 2021, when compared to 224 million units in 2016, and most of these will be security devices/cameras, door locks, sensors and other energy-saving utilities – Smart Home Devices Forecast: 2016-21, Ovum

Various vendors present under the scope of the IoT market will have to begin differentiating themselves. This happens as the demand for the IoT devices as well as their number keeps growing at insane rates. A recent report claims that there would be a considerable increase in vendors who are looking forward to making homes, healthcare units, vehicles, and even factories highly connected, smarter and secure as well.

According to Gartner, the worldwide IoT security spending will be around $547 million in the year 2018

As this would occur, there are several protocols that the vendors and consumers should be looking forward while thinking about using the IoT devices.

The smart connection of various devices can play a significant role in improving the quality of daily lives of the global individuals. In addition to this, it would lead to the creation of innovative ways to the world and future generations for working together. Activities and innovations like self-driving cars are coming to play already. Soon, the homes worldwide would be full of connected and smarter devices with the help of IoT technology. As a result, each component should be able to work seamlessly.

As various posts point out, the open standards with respect to the IoT are responsible for the creation of interoperability among the devices from different vendors.

Here are some of the key IoT protocols or open standards:

OPC-UA: OPC UA (Unified Architecture) is the form of an industrial M2M (machine to machine) communication protocol for controlling the interoperability between the devices. This protocol has been developed by the OPC Foundation.

AMQP: AMQP stands for Advanced Message Queuing Protocol. This is an OASIS specification or standard intended for the application layer protocol present in the message-oriented middleware.

CoAP: It stands for Constrained Application Protocol. CoAP is a specialized web transfer protocol that is used with the resource constrained devices along with similar networks in any IoT. CoAP has been designed on the basis of RFC 7252 for the machine-to-machine (M2M) applications like the building automation and smart energy.

XMPP: It stands for Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol. Formerly, it was referred to as the Jabber. This is a common communications protocol which is meant for the message-oriented applications. The core specifications for XMPP are being developed at the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force).

DDS: DDS (Data Distribution Service) is an M2M (machine-to-machine) middleware standard. This is promoted by the OMG (Object Management Group). The main aim of this group is the enabling of high-performance, real-time, and interoperable devices and applications.

In the current scenario, the open standards of the IoT are the best way for creating necessary standards for the industry progress.

What IoT interoperability standards do you prefer the most, and why?

Your thoughts?